Mariano Bosch

Orazio P. Attanasio, Professor of Economics at University College London

Orazio P. Attanasio is Professor of Economics at University College London and a Research Fellow at the Institute for Fiscal Studies, where he directs the Centre for the Evaluation of Development Policies (EDePo).

He holds a Ph.D. from the London School of Economics. He was an Assistant Professor at Stanford University and an Associate Professor at University of Bologna. His research interests include modelling household behaviour in developed and developing countries and, more generally, applied econometrics.

He was editor of the Review of Economic Studies, the Journal of the European Economic Association, and of Quantitative Economics. He is a fellow of the Econometric Society and of the British Academy, he is president Elect of the European Economic Association and will continue as President in 2014. He worked extensively in Latin America and in particular in Colombia and Mexico.




Santiago Levy

Santiago Levy Algazi, IDB Vice President for Sectors and Knowledge

Mexican economist Santiago Levy Algazi became the Vice President for Sector and Knowledge on March 1, 2008. From August 2007 to Feburary 2008, he served as General Manager and Chief Economist for the IDB Research Department.

Previously, he was General Director at the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) from December 2000 to October 2005. Under his tenure, he promoted changes to the Social Security Act to increase transparency and accountability in IMSS finances and create long-term reserves.

From 1994 to 2000, Levy served as the Deputy Minister at the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit of Mexico, becoming the main architect of the renowned social program Progresa-Oportunidades that benefits the poor. He managed budgetary adjustments during the 1994-95 economic crisis and the 1998 fall in oil prices. Previous positions include President of the Federal Competition Commission and Director of the Economic Deregulation Program at the Ministry of Trade and Industrial Promotion.

Levy holds a Ph.D. in economics from Boston University and a Masters in political economy from the same university. He was a post-doctoral fellow at Cambridge University.

Levy has advised several governments and international organizations and has held several teaching positions, including faculty positions at the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo of Mexico and Boston University, where he was Associate Professor and Director of the Institute for Economic Development.

He is the author of at least 75 articles, monographs and book chapters on such diverse subjects as poverty reduction, competitiveness, foreign exchange policy, export imbalances, pricing, microeconomics and energy. His paper Poverty in Mexico won the 1992 National Research Prize in Economics awarded by the Bank of Mexico.

Other honors include the 1992 Latin American Economics Prize by El Trimestre Económico for the article “Tipos de Cambio Múltiples y Racionamiento de Divisas” (with Roberto Rosales); the Research Award of the World Bank for “Assessing the Mexico U.S. Free Trade Agreement” (with Anthony Venables and Sweder Van Wijnbergen); and Honorary Mention, 1986 National Research Prize in Economics by Banco Nacional de México for the article “Respuestas de Corto Plazo ante Crisis de Divisas”

His recent published books are Good Intentions, Bad Outcomes: Social Policy, Informality and Economic Growth in Mexico, Brookings Institution Press, 2008; Progress against Poverty: Sustaining Mexico’s Progresa-Oportunidades Program, Brookings Institution Press, 2006; Sin Herencia de Pobreza, Editorial Planeta, 2005 (with Evelyne Rodríguez); and Ensayos sobre el Desarrollo Económico y Social de México, Fondo de Cultura Económica, Mexico, 2004.


Juan Carlos Echeverry

Juan Carlos Echeverry, IDB Executive Director for Colombia and Peru

Juan Carlos Echeverry Garzón, Colombian politician and economist, is the IDB Executive Director for Colombia and Peru since last August. Previously, from July 2010 to August 2012, he served as Minister of Finance in the Government of Juan Manuel Santos and, as such, chaired the Board of the Republic of Colombia Bank.

Echeverry Garzon graduated as an Economist in 1983 from the University of the Andes, where he was dean and professor. He has a Ph.D. in Economics from New York University and has studied International Economics at the Institute of World Economics in Germany and Philosophy at the Complutense University of Madrid.

He has advised the development process in Africa, was advisor to the Kazakhstan Government on matters of public investment and budget, and was the representative to the Latin Source- Global Source consultancy in Colombia. He also worked as advisor on economic issues and as a member of several boards of private companies. He has been an analyst for CNN en Español, columnist for the Colombian newspaper El Tiempo and director of Macroeconomic Programming and Inflation in the Republic of Colombia Bank.

Echeverry Garzón was deputy director and then director of the National Planning Department (DNP) during the Government of Andrés Pastrana. He was also a consultant to the Inter-American Development Bank and member of the economic team responsible for macroeconomic stabilization and fiscal adjustment between 1998 and 2002.

He is author, among other books, of Las Claves del Futuro. Economía y conflicto en Colombia. Juan Carlos, Editorial Oveja Negra, 2002; ¿Quién manda sobre las cuentas públicas? Inflexibilidad presupuestal en Colombia, Argentina, México y Perú, with Jorge A Bonilla, Andrés Clavijo, Leopoldo Fergusson, Andrés Moya, Verónica Navas and Pablo Querubín. CEDE-University of the Andes, 2008; El transporte como soporte al desarrollo de Colombia Una visión al 2040, with Jorge Acevedo, Juan Pablo Bocarejo, Germán C. Lleras, Germán Ospina and Álvaro Rodríguez, CEDE-University of the Andes, 2009; La Historia repetida: Economía, política y burocracia en Colombia durante el siglo XIX, with María del Pilar López y Miguel Espinosa, University of the Andes, forthcoming.


Solange Berstein, Pensions Superintendent in the Government of Chile

She graduated as Commercial Engineer with a major in Economics from the University of Santiago de Chile. She also holds a Masters in Economics from the Ilades program / Georgetown University and a Ph.D. in the same discipline from Boston University of Boston.

Berstein worked in the Pensions Fund Manager Supervisor (SAFP) between 1994 and 1997. After working in the Central Bank of Chile, where she served as Senior Economist, in 2003 she returned to the SAFP to serve as manager of the research department. In this unit she developed a series of investigations, emphasizing her work on the precarious situations of pension of Chilean women.

In 2006, appointed by Michelle Bachelet, she became responsible of the SAFP, that in July 2008 was renamed as the Pensions Superintendent as part of a major system reform made by the Government. In March 2010 she was confirmed in office by the new president.


Stephen Kay, Americas Center Director, Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta

Stephen Kay is the director of the Atlanta Fed's Americas Center. His research focuses on political economy and public policy in Latin America. His articles on pension reform in Latin America have appeared in Comparative Politics, Foreign Policy, the Journal of European Social PolicySocial Security Bulletin and other leading journals.

Kay is the editor of Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas (with Tapen Sinha, Oxford University Press) and the author of Social Security in Latin America: Pension Reform and the Challenge of Universal Coverage (with Carolina Felix and Tapen Sinha, Cambridge University Press, forthcoming). He has testified twice before committees of the United States Congress on pension reform in Latin America.

He holds a doctorate in political science from the University of California, Los Angeles, and a Bachelor’s degree in Middle Eastern Studies from the University of California, Berkeley.


Carmen González- Sanfeliu, Vice President, Latin America and Caribbean Intelsat

González-Sanfeliu has more than 20 years experience in the satellite telecommunications industry and is responsible for Intelsat's sales activities in Latin America and the Caribbean. As Vice President of the region, she leads a sales force with offices located in Miami, Brazil and Mexico that contribute over $370 million in revenues to Intelsat. The customer base extends to broadcasters, carriers, multinationals and government agencies, which require the provision of telecommunications solutions including broadcast services, broadband Internet, VSAT, corporate networks, cellular and mobile backhaul, VoIP and VPN.

Ms. González-Sanfeliu was instrumental in developing Intelsat's Latin American sales strategy subsequent to its merger with PanAmSat in 2006. During that time, she was Vice President for PanAmSat's Latin America Operations and oversaw $180 million in revenues. Previous to her role at PanAmSat, she served as Director of Latin America for Williams Communications from 1998-2002 and before that she was the Regional Director for Latin America for Intelsat, which she joined 1996.

Born in Venezuela, Ms. González-Sanfeliu's education includes a MBA magna cum laude from George Washington University and a BA from Georgetown University along with Independent Marketing Studies at Oxford University. Her continuing education includes Executive Leadership Training and Negotiations at the Harvard Law School.



Moderator: Glenda Umaña, anchor for CNN en Español

Muni Jensen is a political analyst in NTN24 daily program “Press Club”. She is also responsible for the channel’s operations in Washington DC, New York and Miami.

Jensen holds an MA in Latin American Studies from Georgetown University, a Public Policy specialization from Externado University of Colombia and a degree in Political Science from Trinity University in Washington.

She worked for six years as a diplomat in the Embassy of Colombia in the United States. She was also the Ambassador’s Press Assistant, social aggregate and deputy director of the Colombian Commerce Office in that country, where she played an important role in the conversations about free trade between the two countries. She has also acted as an intermediary between Colombia and various French investment initiatives, both public and private, as well as in the development of marketing strategies for promoting Colombian exports.